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2015/04/24

org.springframework.orm.jpa.JpaSystemException: null id generated for:class {0}

Problem
Here is my table schema with composite key

Owning to this table has composite key, so it will have primary key class and entity class.

 primary key class
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package gov.nta.entity.dbm;

import java.io.Serializable;

import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Embeddable;
import javax.persistence.Temporal;
import javax.persistence.TemporalType;

/**
 * The primary key class for the DBM400FA database table.
 * 
 */
@Embeddable
public class Dbm400faPK implements Serializable {
    // default serial version id, required for serializable classes.
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    @Column(name = "CONTRACT_YEAR", unique = true, nullable = false, length = 4)
    private String contractYear;

    @Column(name = "BANK_SEQ_NO", unique = true, nullable = false, precision = 10)
    private long bankSeqNo;

    @Temporal(TemporalType.DATE)
    @Column(name = "CONTRACT_DATE", unique = true, nullable = false)
    private java.util.Date contractDate;

    public Dbm400faPK() {
    }

    public String getContractYear() {
        return this.contractYear;
    }

    public void setContractYear(String contractYear) {
        this.contractYear = contractYear;
    }

    public long getBankSeqNo() {
        return this.bankSeqNo;
    }

    public void setBankSeqNo(long bankSeqNo) {
        this.bankSeqNo = bankSeqNo;
    }

    public java.util.Date getContractDate() {
        return this.contractDate;
    }

    public void setContractDate(java.util.Date contractDate) {
        this.contractDate = contractDate;
    }

    public boolean equals(Object other) {
        if (this == other) {
            return true;
        }
        if (!(other instanceof Dbm400faPK)) {
            return false;
        }
        Dbm400faPK castOther = (Dbm400faPK) other;
        return this.contractYear.equals(castOther.contractYear)
                && (this.bankSeqNo == castOther.bankSeqNo)
                && this.contractDate.equals(castOther.contractDate);
    }

    public int hashCode() {
        final int prime = 31;
        int hash = 17;
        hash = hash * prime + this.contractYear.hashCode();
        hash = hash * prime + ((int) (this.bankSeqNo ^ (this.bankSeqNo >>> 32)));
        hash = hash * prime + this.contractDate.hashCode();

        return hash;
    }
}


entity class
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package gov.nta.entity.dbm;

import java.io.Serializable;
import javax.persistence.*;
import java.math.BigDecimal;
import java.util.Date;


/**
 * The persistent class for the DBM400FA database table.
 * 
 */
@Entity
@Table(name="DBM400FA")
@NamedQuery(name="Dbm400fa.findAll", query="SELECT d FROM Dbm400fa d")
public class Dbm400fa implements Serializable {
 private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

 @EmbeddedId
 private Dbm400faPK id;

 @Column(name="BORROW_AMOUNT", precision=20, scale=4)
 private BigDecimal borrowAmount;

 @Column(name="CONTRACT_AMOUNT", precision=20, scale=4)
 private BigDecimal contractAmount;

 @Temporal(TemporalType.DATE)
 @Column(name="CREATE_DATE")
 private Date createDate;

 @Column(name="DAILY_LIMIT", precision=20, scale=4)
 private BigDecimal dailyLimit;

 @Column(name="REVIEW_ID", length=20)
 private String reviewId;

 @Column(name="REVIEW_STATUS", length=1)
 private String reviewStatus;

 @Column(name="SOURCE_ID", precision=10)
 private BigDecimal sourceId;

 @Column(name="TOTAL_LIMIT", precision=20, scale=4)
 private BigDecimal totalLimit;

 @Temporal(TemporalType.DATE)
 @Column(name="UPDATE_DATE")
 private Date updateDate;

 @Column(name="USER_ID", length=20)
 private String userId;

 public Dbm400fa() {
 }

 public Dbm400faPK getId() {
  return this.id;
 }

 public void setId(Dbm400faPK id) {
  this.id = id;
 }

 public BigDecimal getBorrowAmount() {
  return this.borrowAmount;
 }

 public void setBorrowAmount(BigDecimal borrowAmount) {
  this.borrowAmount = borrowAmount;
 }

 public BigDecimal getContractAmount() {
  return this.contractAmount;
 }

 public void setContractAmount(BigDecimal contractAmount) {
  this.contractAmount = contractAmount;
 }

 public Date getCreateDate() {
  return this.createDate;
 }

 public void setCreateDate(Date createDate) {
  this.createDate = createDate;
 }

 public BigDecimal getDailyLimit() {
  return this.dailyLimit;
 }

 public void setDailyLimit(BigDecimal dailyLimit) {
  this.dailyLimit = dailyLimit;
 }

 public String getReviewId() {
  return this.reviewId;
 }

 public void setReviewId(String reviewId) {
  this.reviewId = reviewId;
 }

 public String getReviewStatus() {
  return this.reviewStatus;
 }

 public void setReviewStatus(String reviewStatus) {
  this.reviewStatus = reviewStatus;
 }

 public BigDecimal getSourceId() {
  return this.sourceId;
 }

 public void setSourceId(BigDecimal sourceId) {
  this.sourceId = sourceId;
 }

 public BigDecimal getTotalLimit() {
  return this.totalLimit;
 }

 public void setTotalLimit(BigDecimal totalLimit) {
  this.totalLimit = totalLimit;
 }

 public Date getUpdateDate() {
  return this.updateDate;
 }

 public void setUpdateDate(Date updateDate) {
  this.updateDate = updateDate;
 }

 public String getUserId() {
  return this.userId;
 }

 public void setUserId(String userId) {
  this.userId = userId;
 }

}


But as I execute this query SQL statement by JPA:
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SELECT *
FROM DBM400FA
WHERE CONTRACT_YEAR = :contractYr
  AND BANK_SEQ_NO = :bankSeqNo
  AND to_char(contract_date,'yyyyMMdd') = :contractDate + '19110000'

It will throw exception:
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org.springframework.orm.jpa.JpaSystemException: null id generated for:class gov.nta.entity.dbm.Dbm400fa; nested exception is org.hibernate.id.IdentifierGenerationException: null id generated for:class gov.nta.entity.dbm.Dbm400fa
 at org.springframework.orm.jpa.vendor.HibernateJpaDialect.convertHibernateAccessException(HibernateJpaDialect.java:244) ~[spring-orm-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
 at org.springframework.orm.jpa.vendor.HibernateJpaDialect.translateExceptionIfPossible(HibernateJpaDialect.java:155) ~[spring-orm-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
 at org.springframework.orm.jpa.AbstractEntityManagerFactoryBean.translateExceptionIfPossible(AbstractEntityManagerFactoryBean.java:417) ~[spring-orm-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
 at org.springframework.dao.support.ChainedPersistenceExceptionTranslator.translateExceptionIfPossible(ChainedPersistenceExceptionTranslator.java:59) ~[spring-tx-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
 at org.springframework.dao.support.DataAccessUtils.translateIfNecessary(DataAccessUtils.java:213) ~[spring-tx-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
 at org.springframework.dao.support.PersistenceExceptionTranslationInterceptor.invoke(PersistenceExceptionTranslationInterceptor.java:147) ~[spring-tx-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
 at org.springframework.aop.framework.ReflectiveMethodInvocation.proceed(ReflectiveMethodInvocation.java:179) ~[spring-aop-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
 at org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.support.LockModeRepositoryPostProcessor$LockModePopulatingMethodIntercceptor.invoke(LockModeRepositoryPostProcessor.java:105) ~[spring-data-jpa-1.5.2.RELEASE.jar:na]
 at org.springframework.aop.framework.ReflectiveMethodInvocation.proceed(ReflectiveMethodInvocation.java:179) ~[spring-aop-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
 at org.springframework.aop.interceptor.ExposeInvocationInterceptor.invoke(ExposeInvocationInterceptor.java:92) ~[spring-aop-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
 at org.springframework.aop.framework.ReflectiveMethodInvocation.proceed(ReflectiveMethodInvocation.java:179) ~[spring-aop-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
 at org.springframework.aop.framework.JdkDynamicAopProxy.invoke(JdkDynamicAopProxy.java:207) ~[spring-aop-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
 at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy112.saveAndFlush(Unknown Source) ~[$Proxy112.class:na]
 at gov.nta.dbm.service.DbmBankContractService.saveDbm400faFromDbm400f1(DbmBankContractService.java:312) ~[classes/:na]


Solution
You should use @IdClass instead of @EmbeddedId

Id class
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package gov.nta.entity.dbm;

import java.io.Serializable;

/**
 * The primary key class for the DBM400FA database table.
 * 
 */
public class Dbm400faPK implements Serializable {
    // default serial version id, required for serializable classes.
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    private String contractYear;

    private long bankSeqNo;

    private java.util.Date contractDate;

    public Dbm400faPK() {
    }

    public String getContractYear() {
        return this.contractYear;
    }

    public void setContractYear(String contractYear) {
        this.contractYear = contractYear;
    }

    public long getBankSeqNo() {
        return this.bankSeqNo;
    }

    public void setBankSeqNo(long bankSeqNo) {
        this.bankSeqNo = bankSeqNo;
    }

    public java.util.Date getContractDate() {
        return this.contractDate;
    }

    public void setContractDate(java.util.Date contractDate) {
        this.contractDate = contractDate;
    }

    public boolean equals(Object other) {
        if (this == other) {
            return true;
        }
        if (!(other instanceof Dbm400faPK)) {
            return false;
        }
        Dbm400faPK castOther = (Dbm400faPK) other;
        return this.contractYear.equals(castOther.contractYear)
                && (this.bankSeqNo == castOther.bankSeqNo)
                && this.contractDate.equals(castOther.contractDate);
    }

    public int hashCode() {
        final int prime = 31;
        int hash = 17;
        hash = hash * prime + this.contractYear.hashCode();
        hash = hash * prime + ((int) (this.bankSeqNo ^ (this.bankSeqNo >>> 32)));
        hash = hash * prime + this.contractDate.hashCode();

        return hash;
    }
}


entity class with Id class
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package gov.nta.entity.dbm;

import java.io.Serializable;
import java.math.BigDecimal;
import java.util.Date;

import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import javax.persistence.IdClass;
import javax.persistence.NamedQuery;
import javax.persistence.Table;
import javax.persistence.Temporal;
import javax.persistence.TemporalType;

import org.apache.commons.lang.builder.ToStringBuilder;

/**
 * The persistent class for the DBM400FA database table.
 * 
 */
@Entity
@Table(name = "DBM400FA")
@IdClass(Dbm400faPK.class)
@NamedQuery(name = "Dbm400fa.findAll", query = "SELECT d FROM Dbm400fa d")
public class Dbm400fa implements Serializable {
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    @Id
    @Column(name = "CONTRACT_YEAR", unique = true, nullable = false, length = 4)
    private String contractYear;

    @Id
    @Column(name = "BANK_SEQ_NO", unique = true, nullable = false, precision = 10)
    private long bankSeqNo;

    @Id
    @Temporal(TemporalType.DATE)
    @Column(name = "CONTRACT_DATE", unique = true, nullable = false)
    private java.util.Date contractDate;

    @Column(name = "BORROW_AMOUNT", precision = 20, scale = 4)
    private BigDecimal borrowAmount;

    @Column(name = "CONTRACT_AMOUNT", precision = 20, scale = 4)
    private BigDecimal contractAmount;

    @Temporal(TemporalType.DATE)
    @Column(name = "CREATE_DATE")
    private Date createDate;

    @Column(name = "DAILY_LIMIT", precision = 20, scale = 4)
    private BigDecimal dailyLimit;

    @Column(name = "REVIEW_ID", length = 20)
    private String reviewId;

    @Column(name = "REVIEW_STATUS", length = 1)
    private String reviewStatus;

    @Column(name = "SOURCE_ID", precision = 10)
    private BigDecimal sourceId;

    @Column(name = "TOTAL_LIMIT", precision = 20, scale = 4)
    private BigDecimal totalLimit;

    @Temporal(TemporalType.DATE)
    @Column(name = "UPDATE_DATE")
    private Date updateDate;

    @Column(name = "USER_ID", length = 20)
    private String userId;

    public Dbm400fa() {
    }

    public BigDecimal getBorrowAmount() {
        return this.borrowAmount;
    }

    public void setBorrowAmount(BigDecimal borrowAmount) {
        this.borrowAmount = borrowAmount;
    }

    public BigDecimal getContractAmount() {
        return this.contractAmount;
    }

    public void setContractAmount(BigDecimal contractAmount) {
        this.contractAmount = contractAmount;
    }

    public Date getCreateDate() {
        return this.createDate;
    }

    public void setCreateDate(Date createDate) {
        this.createDate = createDate;
    }

    public BigDecimal getDailyLimit() {
        return this.dailyLimit;
    }

    public void setDailyLimit(BigDecimal dailyLimit) {
        this.dailyLimit = dailyLimit;
    }

    public String getReviewId() {
        return this.reviewId;
    }

    public void setReviewId(String reviewId) {
        this.reviewId = reviewId;
    }

    public String getReviewStatus() {
        return this.reviewStatus;
    }

    public void setReviewStatus(String reviewStatus) {
        this.reviewStatus = reviewStatus;
    }

    public BigDecimal getSourceId() {
        return this.sourceId;
    }

    public void setSourceId(BigDecimal sourceId) {
        this.sourceId = sourceId;
    }

    public BigDecimal getTotalLimit() {
        return this.totalLimit;
    }

    public void setTotalLimit(BigDecimal totalLimit) {
        this.totalLimit = totalLimit;
    }

    public Date getUpdateDate() {
        return this.updateDate;
    }

    public void setUpdateDate(Date updateDate) {
        this.updateDate = updateDate;
    }

    public String getUserId() {
        return this.userId;
    }

    public void setUserId(String userId) {
        this.userId = userId;
    }

    public String getContractYear() {
        return contractYear;
    }

    public void setContractYear(String contractYear) {
        this.contractYear = contractYear;
    }

    public long getBankSeqNo() {
        return bankSeqNo;
    }

    public void setBankSeqNo(long bankSeqNo) {
        this.bankSeqNo = bankSeqNo;
    }

    public java.util.Date getContractDate() {
        return contractDate;
    }

    public void setContractDate(java.util.Date contractDate) {
        this.contractDate = contractDate;
    }

    public String toString() {
        return ToStringBuilder.reflectionToString(this);
    }

}


Reference
[1] http://www.objectdb.com/java/jpa/entity/id

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